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What Are The 12 Colors Of a Rainbow?

A Rainbow is one of the most beautiful naturally occurring phenomena in nature; it is the most mesmerizing and magnificent display of nature. In the early times, rainbows were part of many mythological tales; it was considered a positive omen occurring in nature. Some scientists also believe that rainbows exist on Titan, the moon of Saturn.

We all have seen a Rainbow at least once every monsoon, but are you aware that there are not just 7 colors in a Rainbow but 12. Yes, you read it right; there are 12 beautiful colors that can be seen in rainbows. Let’s see what the 12 Colours of Rainbow are. But before that let’s find out when does a rainbow occurs:

List of 12 colors of rainbows

Whenever we encounter a rainbow or read about it, we have always seen the classic abbreviation of VIBGYOR, the seven colors of Rainbow. The classic conventional gradients of a rainbow are mainly red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. But not every Rainbow is the same. Rainbows vary from place to place and the weather they may occur in. More than 10 types of Rainbows occur across the globe, and the color depends upon the location and climate they may appear in.

There are almost 12 colors that can be identified in a rainbow. These colors cannot be seen simultaneously and in the same Rainbow, but different types of rainbows. The 12 colors of Rainbow in order are-

  1. Red

2. Orange

3. Yellow

4. Chartreuse

5. Green

6. Spring Green


8. Dodger Blue

9. Blue

10. Purple 

11. Violet

12. Magenta

The seven-color rainbow idea is still popular and easy to memorize, but there isn’t any harm in knowing about different colors for different kinds of rainbows. You can always remember the 12 colors of the Rainbow to increase your knowledge about nature’s most beautiful phenomenon.

When Does a Rainbow Occurs?

Water is denser than air . When light passes from air to the raindrops at an angle, the light slows down, and refraction of light occurs, resulting in a Rainbow. Rainbow can never be found at a fixed place, and it occurs when sunlight falls on raindrops resulting in reflections and refraction of light. The Greek Philosopher Aristotle first mentioned the Rainbow in 350 BC, but Isaac Newton was the one who gave Rainbow a scientific explanation. The reflection of light in water droplets results in a spectrum of light, creating a series of colored concentric circles in the shape of an arc. A rainbow is always on the opposite side of the sun.

In a Rainbow, The outer arc starts with the red color and ends with violet on the inner side. Rainbows can be found in fog, sea spray, and waterfalls as well. Rainbows do occur in a full circle, but no one can see a full circle rainbow unless they are on an aircraft, which is rare. Sometimes you can see a double rainbow, but it is rare in nature to see it occasionally compared to the classic arc rainbow.

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